Of course, guppies are officially originated from Central- and South-America but over several decades they were exported throughout the world. To be sold to aquarists, zoo's, for regulating the insect plagues (e.g. mosquitos and so on...), regulating algae overgrowth, etc.... As well for breeding programmes to maintain the original form and to hybridize or to linebreed which has resulted to the variety of wellknown fancy guppies which we've known for decades as well... Europe has been of a very important value regarding guppies when it comes to the scientific approach of determining the genus' and further related issues. With a special focus on Germany.
Native wild types
These are guppies indigenous to the area where they were caught. The range of native wild guppies are restricted to the Carribean and North Eastern South America.
Feral wild types
These are guppies which were introduced by man to a different wild enviroment than the endemic areas.
True wild types
Both native and feral wild guppies are true wild guppies and are taken directly from the wild.
Wild descended types
These are guppies which were produced by a colony that has a direct line to the true wild population.
On this page I'd like to continue telling you something about my wildguppies in general. In this chapter I'll leave out all endler strains for those are specifically mentioned in chapter "Livebearer2". The strains that will be mentioned overhere are no endlers of any kind. For a lot of people make the mistake that each wildguppy is an endler. A false statement! An endler is a"guppylike" wildform!
I also like to point out that a guppy isn't always a poecilia reticulata. There are more wildguppies that aren't poecilia reticulata like e.g. poecilia obscura.
Besides keeping all kinds of wildguppies and wildtype guppies, at some point I also started keeping a group of cumana guppies (no endlers btw...), colombia rio lobo's and wildguppies from Lake Cienaga Daigui at the place Choco in Colombia. Most males of the cumana guppies had some orange and black spots on the side. Most males from Lake Cienaga Daigui had peacock patterns on the sides and bluish lyretails. At the other hand, the rio lobo's males were the most colourful ones. Of course, like most wildguppies the females didn't appear that colourful like the males.
To put an anecdote out here.... I do recall that during the seventies till mid eighties wildguppies in the petstore were available for ridiculous low prices. At that time I'd be able to give the owner of the petshop about 3 guilders and I was allowed to fill one huge net with a lot of these little guys. In some way they all wanted to sell those fancy guppies instead of these short tailed and less bright coloured guppies. They were also sold as so-called feederfish. And also for that reason they were sold at low prices at that time... But if I'd take a look at the current prices, it's been incredibly increased for that matter. Anyways, I've always thought that wildguppies had more charm than the fancy guppies. And to me that's still the way it is!
I also like to make the remark that although wild guppies are gray based, in captivity blonde, bronze and golden mutations can occur. I'm even convinced that in free nature some blonde, bronze and golden specimens must occur as well between all those gray based ones. In a way, it's not even that weird for several wild strains have adapted their shape and color patterns to the circumstances of their enviroment.
Japan blue wildtype guppies have often been mistaken to be named endlers for so many years.
They're suppose to be guppies which have been found in japanese waters. According to the story, it's an evolved strain from a complete different kind of wildtype guppies which were released overthere for a long time ago. Wether this story is true or not... it remains a wonderful wildtype guppy...
One of the strains that I've kept and which I've bred is the so-called congo wildguppy. This is a feral species which occurs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or Congo-Kinshasa and former Zaïre) in Central-Africa. The species is endemic to areas of the congo river and surrounded mangroves.
In May 2017 (many years after I've kept these guppies), I've received a small colony of Congo wildguppies Brazzaville again from Leendert van den Berg (chairman of Poecilia Netherlands). It turned out to be the same species as I had for years ago.
This strain is also a very interesting one. These are kept just by themselves in a tank. The patterns differ from male to male. The same goes for the shape of their tails. They're a bit slimmer and longer than the congo wildguppies.
Rio picota honda colombian wildguppy
Although, you would expect that this strain should occur just in Mexico, the fact is different. These are colombian instead of mexican. The species occurs in both countries. It's not actually determined wether it's exactly the same strain but they do look very similar to another.
This strain is to be found at Balneario la Picota / Rio Picota, departamento de Tolima, Colombia.
These males don't have any pattern in their tails. Further on it's a shorttailed wildguppy, So, no lyretails!
Like most wildguppies, also this strain is very easy and hardy. In this pic on the right a not complete coloured juvenile male. Look at the typical bar on the adult male on the left.
Rio Catatumbo wildguppy
Here's a strain which is very rare in the aquaristic world, the rio catatumbo wildguppy. It's endemic to the northern part of the rio catatumbo close to Venezuela.
I was lucky to have a couple of these fish from an import from Colombia ( F1 from the venezuelan strain) in june 2012. Unfortunately, three males died two days after they came in. Two males and five females remained.
Surinam isadou wildguppy
This year (spring 2012) I got some wildguppies from an acquaintance of mine who went on an expeditiontrip to Isadou in Surinam. Isadou is an island located in the brokopondo reservoir. Situated in the north-eastern part of Surinam on the left riverbank of surinam river.
He was looking for quite different fish than guppies. But he found in a stream overthere lots of these guys and brought a certain amount of these fish along. He called me if I was interested to have some of my own. Had some losses in the beginning but it regained in amount later on... Despite of all, this wildguppy doesn't seem to be that hardy. So, a bit of caution was becoming neccesary with these guys.
A juvenile male of the surinam isadou wildguppy is shown above.
Rio lobo wildguppy
One of the more known wildguppies are the rio lobo wildguppies. Very hardy fish and also within this strain a range of patterns are occuring.
Rio Approuague wildguppy
A very interesting type of wildguppy is the rio approuague wildguppy. Found in the Approuague River in the eastern part of French Guiana and close to Brazil. The Approuague River has a total length of approximately 180 miles (about 270km). This river's area is also known as one of the best locations for survival trips and real trekking.
This type of wildguppy is to be found in the neighbourhood of Fonta Boa in the Rio Solimões in Brasil. Rio Solimões is the brasilian name and therefore portuguese for the Amazon river from the peruvian border to the junction with the Rio Negro.
This strain is to be found in Rio Mandemba in Venezuela.
Of all jamaican wildguppies, I have this particular strain back home. Bright coloured and very profilic.
Well, this wildguppy is called Lac du Rorota named after the region where it was found. But through the years it's been a real discussion wether the Lac du Rorota is actual the japan blue which were found in waters in Japan. Or that the japan blue from japan originated from the Lac du Rorota. Knowing that wildguppies originated from Central- and South-america and that all current wildtype guppies found in waters around the world were released overthere. And for sure sufficient types evolved in their appearance in other natural waters as well. So, if the question would raise: which guppy would be original; Lac du Rorota or the japan blue? I would say that the Lac du Rorota would've appeared first. For sure, this is a speculation coming from my side. But that's only based on the chronological order. I am aware of it that lots of theories are at hand regarding this topic. Who's really right on this story seems still a bit vague... But it does keep the topic alive in my opinion.
This is a wildguppy which is endemic to the same region as the micropoecilia bifurca. It's also imported as a micropoecilia species. In some way the bodyshape does show similarities to the micropoecilia species but it's determined a wild wingei by professor Schartl in August 2010. Despite of the fact that professor Schartl determined this strain as being a wingei, it doesn't actually have any resemblence to any kind of poecilia wingei in my opnion. Before this determination it has been considered a poecilia reticulata. Anyways, I leave this up to each one of you how you like to call this fish.
In 2012 I got a group of venezuelan wildguppies donated by Ronald Bosma. It concerned a group of extended doubleswords. The original group (F0) had been collected by Frans Vermeulen in Venezuela. He's dutch but moved over to Aruba.
The third recognized order of wildguppies is named poecilia obscura. Also known as oropuche guppy. This strain is to be found in the oropuche river system in North-eastern Trinidad. But also in other river streams like Rio L'Ebranche, Rio Seco, Rio Matura, Rio Quare and Rio La Seiva. The two last mentioned are part of the Oropuche river system.
Most of these poecilia obscura occur in the shallow parts of the streams and in ditches.
The next wildguppy mentioned is the so-called St. Ann's wildguppy from the shallow waters of Trinidad. Don't mix this strain up with the black bar endler. It does look almost similar to the black bar endler but the dorsals are fully coloured and the pattern of the tail is different. The swords are also much thinner in lining.
The ones I've got came from a line that was collected by Philippe Voisin (2011).
The cayenne wildguppy is originated from Cayenne river, French Guiana. The line I´m maintaining has it´s origin from a swamp northeastern of Kaw. But there are also specimens to be found in the Cayenne river as stated before.
The Isla Margarita wildguppy is originated from La Asuncion, Isla Margaitain Venezuela (coll. Jürgen Mahlke, 2008).
This orangeline guppy is to be found south of Ciudad Bolivar, 50km east of El Tigre at El Salto, Venezuela.
What's also peculiar is that they prefer a lower pH.
The surinam green wildguppy had been found 20km north-west of Paramaribo in Surinam (coll. Harro Hieronimus, 1999).
My first breeding couples came from an auction in Sauerland (Germany) back in 2014.
The poecilia kempkesi originated from Paramaribo in Surinam. The poecilia kempkesi is also called Surinam guppy or paramaribo guppy.
The colony I've started with were purchased at an auction in Sauerland (Germany) back in 2014. The data that goes with this colony is location Anton Drachtenweg, Paramaribo in Surinam (coll. Fred Poeser).
The next pictures (lecture Fred Poeser at the Poecilia Netherlands Meeting, Asperen 2016) shows that Winge's p.maculatus was a crossbreeding with poecilia reticulata.
Conclusion of Fred Poeser: Poecilia kempkesi with a dot is the pure form and p.maculatus without a dot is a hybrid.
Poecilia reticulata Hortus botanicus VU
In 2014 I've got a group of wildtupe guppies from Brian Twint as a gift. They came from the Hortus botanicus of the University of Utrecht (the Netherlands). They were very bright coloured and consisted of variable phenotypes. Of course, that's not weird for in the pond of that specific greenhouse, several kinds of guppies were released in there throughout the years. And in some way, it did cultivate into a certain colony but the bloodlines were still too diverse to become one new strain. Nevertheless, it was a beautiful and interesting colony to have...
Overhere some pictures of a batch of them...
But my focus has been guppies and mainly wildtype guppies. I've caught them together with one of my best friends Paul Vons and also with Rogier van Vught (Supervisor greenhouses). Below a picture of Rogier van Vugt trying to catch some wildtype guppies for me...
In the picture below some guppies were put in some jars.
On the second Poecilia meeting in 2016 I was given a group of wildguppies by the name of Baja California by Ronny Vannerom from Belgium. They came from a batch which had been studied by the RU Gent (University of Gent, Belgium).
Distributing this strain by the RU Gent is rare and therefore I'm really grateful to have this strain in my collection.
The Gillbach is a tributary to the river Erft in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. This river system receives warm water influx from a power plant which enables the water temperature to stay in a stable condition of 19°C all year round.
Besides guppies also cichlids are to be found in this river system. But in this case I'll focus on the guppies in there.
I myself keep the wildtype guppies from the Gillback stream. First ones I've ever received were offspring from a batch caught by Peter Mulders back in 2018. I became interested in them when I got to see a whole bunch at Michael Kempkes (author of several aquarium books) place when I visited him back in Fall of 2016 (we had a joined meeting between VDA-AK and Poecilia Netherlands).
As already been mentioned, those Gillbach guppies do not consist of one phenotype but several. The ones I've started with were wildtypes and shorttailed. It turned out that these guppies were really prolific and in the beginning most male offspring looked quite similar to the fish I've started this colony with. But after the third generation, more diversity showed up in the male offspring.
A group of wildguppies coming from a batch of wild caughts (year 2017) was given to me by Fred Poeser. They were simultaneously caught with Poecilia caucana (which was the goal of the expedition in 2017). Friends of Fred Poeser caught them in Colombia. He was given Poecilia caucana by them and it turned out that guppies were in there as well. Both species were derived from the Rio Magdalena. And so these guppies were named after this river.